Friday, December 6, 2013

Where we stand in the world

Here is a map of the world depicting the 15 non-EU members of G20 (red) and the 28 EU states (green).

G20 and EU
According to the g20.org site, the G20 represents about 85% of global GDP, over 75% of global trade and 66% of the world's population. Confronting this with a Wikipedia page on G20, one finds out that the percentage for the global trade is slightly off, because it includes Germany, France, UK and Italy numbers twice - once for these countries themselves and once for their EU membership. Thus, the correct number seems to be rather 58% of global trade for G20.

Now, if we take the EU completely out, just to see against what economic and geopolitical power Europe competes, we get something which could be called a G15 (G15 = G20 - Germany - France - UK - Italy - EU). Note that there seems to be an informal group of countries of the same name, so do not confuse it with our G15.

G15, even after the removal of the entire EU, is still a major group, representing 63% of global GDP, 45% of global trade and 57% of world's population. As a side note, the majority (8) of these countries are federal states (also large and multiethnic) or at least declare themselves as such. The smallest G15 member, Australia has population of only 22 million. The middle-sized member, Mexico, has 112 million inhabitants and the two largest countries in this group, China and India, have 1.2 and 1.3 billion people living in them, respectively.

When we put the EU into the same perspective (these are all figures from 2012, so Croatia is not included, sorry), we find that it is responsible for 23% of global GDP, 12% of global world trade and has 7% of the world's population. Note that this is not even the whole of Europe, just EU-27.

Let us make one additional daring step and have a look at how e.g. UK, a country that sometimes likes to picture itself as an independent state outside of the EU, performs in this global game. UK, as an independent country, creates around 3.4% of global GDP, 3% of global world trade and has about 0.89% of the world's population. Just draw your own conclusion, considering also the dynamics of the UK and G15 economies and populations.

After having opened this blog entry with a picture, would there be a better way of concluding it other than using another picture to illustrate the dramatic change through which Europe's position in the world has gone since 1945? Here is a map showing, among other things, colonies of several European countries in 1945. Colonies that are no longer there and will never come back.

Colonialism in 1945, source: Wikipedia

G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf
G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf
G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf
G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf
G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf
G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf
G20 members represent around 85 per cent of global gross domestic product, over 75 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. - See more at: http://www.g20.org/about_g20/g20_members#sthash.rXrn8w8i.dpuf